Exploiting consistent differences in radiation and average air temperature between two experimental vineyards (Ramat Negev, RN and Mitzpe Ramon, MR), we examined the impact of climate variations on total carotenoids, redox status, and phenylpropanoid metabolism in the berries of 10 white wine grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cultivars across three consecutive seasons (2017–2019). The differences in carotenoid and phenylpropanoid contents between sites were seasonal and varietal dependent.
Most of the research was funded by the Ministry of Agriculture of Israel and JNF-KKL
Global climate change and the expected increase in temperature are altering the relationship between geography and grapevine (V. vinifera) varietal performance, and the implications of which are yet to be fully understood. We investigated berry phenology and biochemistry of 30 cultivars, 20 red and 10 white, across three seasons (2017–2019) in response to a consistent average temperature difference of 1.5°C during the growing season between two experimental sites. The experiments were conducted at Ramat Negev (RN) and Ramon (MR) vineyards, located in the Negev desert, Israel.
Roots are the first plant organ to encounter, sense, and respond to soil salinity. Like for many moderately salt tolerant species, roots of olive (Olea eurpaea) trees are the principal players in salt tolerance. We studied roots of mature olive trees in order to illuminate the yet vague mechanism(s) of root salt exclusion. Root structural traits were examined in olive trees grown in lysimeters and from a long-term salinity field trial. The distribution of salts was detected in root cross-sections using scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive spectroscopy.
The global avocado industry is growing, and farmers are seeking to expand their plantations. However, many lands suitable for avocado planting were previously cultivated with hosts of the soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae, which is the causal agent of Verticillium wilt (VW). VW can seriously impair avocado orchards, and therefore, planting on infested soil is not recommended. The use of different rootstock types allows avocado cultivation in various regions with diverse biotic and abiotic constraints.
The objectives of the present study were to examine the effect of the irrigation frequency applied to different substrates and their mixtures and the effect of the containers height on the dynamic of water content and temperature of the growing medium and on the yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) as a model plant. An experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at Ramat Negev, Israel. The studied variables were irrigation frequency, type of substrate and container height.
Emerging needs for diversify human diet and to explore novel therapeutic procedures have led to increasing attempts to retrieve traditional nourishments and recruit beneficial wild plant species. Species of the genus Erodium (Geraniaceae) harbor medicinal indications and substances known from folklore and scientific research. Hairy stork’s bill (Erodium crassifolium L'Hér. ex Aiton; E. hirtum Willd), is a small hemicryptophyte that inhabits arid southeast Mediterranean regions. E. crassifolium is among the very few Geraniaceae species known to produce tubers.
Hairy stork’s-bill (Erodium crassifolium) (HSB) is one of the few Geraniaceae species that produce tubers. While HSB tubers were occasionally used as a food source by desert nomads, they have not yet been taken up in the modern kitchen. Recently, HSB tubers were recognized as harboring potential to become an industrial pharmaceutical crop. The objective of this study was to determine a set of agricultural practices that would maximize the yield of the bioactive compounds of the present HSB genetic material.